Lawmakers failed to get a similar law passed last year, but supporters have returned to introduce a bill that would add state-wide protections rather than relying on a patchwork of protection in certain ZIP codes.
Only five cities in Arizona – Phoenix, Tempe, Tucson, Sedona, Winslow – have fully inclusive sexual orientation and gender-identity ordinances that address housing, employment and public accommodations, according to lgbtqmap.org. Flagstaff protects its LGBTQ community with employment and public accommodations.
State Sen. Kate Brophy McGee, R-Phoenix, who sponsored a similar bill in the House last year, introduced Senate Bill 1321.
"It is a simple, common sense measure to update our nondiscrimination law," McGee told a news conference at the state Capitol. All Arizona residents should have the opportunity to "earn a living, provide for their families and patronize businesses without fear of being legally fired because of their sexual orientation or gender orientation."
The bill comes after the Brush & Nib v. City of Phoenix decision by the Arizona Supreme Court that protects basic speech and religious freedoms, in which a business had the right to refused to make wedding invitations for a same-sex couple.
State Rep. Daniel Hernandez Jr., D-Tucson, said the court ruling raised the importance and urgency of SB 1321 and a similar bill he introduced this month, House Bill 2716.
"The Supreme Court opened up Pandora's box, which now says that if you follow specific guidelines you can make it so your business, too, can discriminate against the LGBTQ community," he said, adding that the expansion of the LGBTQ caucus in the House to six members may help influence the trajectory of the bill.
"We have more people applying pressure to leadership on both sides of the aisle," Hernandez said. "This is not a partisan issue. This is a bipartisan issue where we all agree that this is the right thing to do."
The bills faces opposition, however.
The Center for Arizona Policy, a conservative nonpartisan organization, stated in a news release that the bill overlooks the Brush & Nib ruling and infringes on religious freedom.
The bills "offer a solution where there is no problem and create major constitutional dilemmas for a vast number of Arizonans who do not conform to proponents' viewpoints."
They also would take "an ax to religious freedom by amending Arizona's Religious Freedom Restoration Act to allow the government to substantially burden a person's exercise of religion with nondiscrimination laws."
"Arizona voters overwhelmingly support citizens' rights to live and work according to their deeply held religious beliefs, even when those beliefs are unpopular," the statement says.
Angela Hughey, president of One Community, says the bill "is an issue of fairness."
One Community works toward LGBTQ equality in the Arizona workplace, establishing a Unity Pledge for businesses.
"The more businesses, organizations, faith-based organizations and everyday Arizonans we bring into this conversation, the further this conversation is going to go," Hughey said.
"We need to keep having broad-based conversations with everyone that we can talk to around the state and we will get it done," she said. "We're building that very wide, bipartisan coalition of support."
For more stories from Cronkite News, visit cronkitenews.azpbs.org.