¡Ask a Mexican!

Dear Mexican: Please settle a dispute. I'm an Anglo who has been living and working in Mexico for years, in Culiacán, Sinaloa. (I married one of the famous Sinaloa beauties.) I live and function in Spanish. Where I live, there are virtually no other North Americans, other than English teachers at the university. Everyone else who I know is Mexican. In every way, from television and radio to shopping and cooking at home, I live like every other culiche. I like to think of myself as sinaloense, and after all these years, my friends and family are coming to consider me ... perhaps not Mexican, but not exactly an extranjero, either. I don't claim to be Octavio Paz, but I know Mexican literature and history fairly well, and love and appreciate Mexican culture. (Actually, I think there is more of a cultural difference between Sinaloa, Tamaulipas and Quintana Roo than there is difference between Massachusetts, Alabama and California—but that's another subject.)

On the other hand, my friend from Colorado was born and raised in Denver. His Spanish is marginal, and he lives and works just like every other North American. However, his grandparents came from Jalisco, and he has a Spanish surname. He has visited family in Mexico, briefly, once since I have known him. In every way, he lives as a middle-class gabacho.

The dispute is this: I am increasingly tired of him making snide comments about how I don't understand Mexico and Mexicans. First, he has never spent any time here—perhaps 20 days in his life. He has never lived here, and needs a translator when he visits. Second, he knows next to nothing about Mexican history or culture. It's sad that he doesn't know Morelos from Guerrero, can't tell a corrido from banda, and doesn't know tacos al pastor from tacos Sonora. Finally, a lot of what he says seems, frankly, wrong. His perspective on Mexican culture seems a lot more East L.A. cholo than the way that my middle-class friends and family here live and think.

His response is always that I can't understand the real Mexican culture because I'm Anglo. "It's in the blood," he'll say. I reply that those are almost the exact words white racists would use to exclude him from being a "real American," and you are where you live and who you choose to be. I sure feel like I understand as much as a third-generation, English-speaking kid from Colorado. Your opinion?

Culiche Gringo

Dear Gabacho: You know why you're more Mexican than your pendejo of a pocho pal? Because you're smart enough to call yourself a culiche, what natives of Culiacán call themselves (although I'm more familiar with culichi, but what do I know—I'm just a pinche zacatecano). You also refer to gabachos as "North Americans," a literal translation of the Spanish norteamericanos, yet another of our many synonyms for gabachos.

All that said, have sympathy on the pocho. You yourself note that you are who you choose to be, and if he wants to practice symbolic ethnicity, despite being less Mexican than a Taco Bell shell, by all means, allow him! National identity is as fluid as the Pacific, Culiche, and you are the grand gabacho proof of it.

Now, FedEx me some aguachile and chilorio, chingón.


A decade ago, Chicana artist Alma Lopez released Our Lady, a digital collage that depicted the Virgin of Guadalupe as a living, breathing woman wearing Her trademark green shawl—but also a bikini made of flowers. It proved to be a momentous artwork, provoking equal parts praise and outrage by tapados. Its influence is recounted in the recently released Our Lady of Controversy: Alma López's Irreverent Apparition, a collection of essays from Chicana scholars on the subject, complete with the chingona DVD I Love Lupe, a short documentary on how Chicana art constantly tweaks the iconic Guadalupe image. Essential reading for art and Chicana/o Studies freaks alike!

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