The campaign for a ballot initiative to increase Arizona’s minimum wage to $12 an hour by 2020 submitted more than 217,000 signatures to state officials on Thursday, July 7.
The Fair Wages and Healthy Families initiative would boost the current $8.05 minimum wage by 50 percent within four years.
If passed by voters, the measure would introduce a $10 minimum wage on Jan. 1, 2017 with increases on Jan. 1 of every year: $10.50 in 2018, $11 in 2019 and $12 in 2020. After that, the wage would rise with the cost of living each succeeding year.
An additional provision of the measure would provide mandatory sick leave for wage-earners. Businesses with fewer than 15 employees would be required to provide 24 hours each year, while those with more than 15 employees would need to provide 40 hours each year.
The campaign has collected well over the minimum requirement of signatures to reach the ballot, so barring a successful legal challenge, voters will likely be able to decide its fate in November.
“It’s not a hard sell,” said Zaira Livier, who coordinates the campaign in southern Arizona. “People generally want to help each other out.”
Livier plans on expanding the campaign’s leadership and increase support by utilizing a volunteer base of 25,000 and partnering with national organizations supporting similar initiatives in others states.
David Wade, a consultant for the campaign, said the support to get the measure on the ballot is a good indicator of how it will do in the hands of voters.
“When you tap into that need and harness that energy it corresponds with the energy of people and small businesses,” he said.
Mike Varney, president and CEO of the Tucson Metro Chamber, said that the organization has vocally opposed the idea of using government to mandate business costs since minimum wage became an issue.
“We understand there are federal guidelines and so far we’re comfortable with those guidelines,” he said. “We don’t see the need for states to change those guidelines.”
Varney cited numerous issues with raising minimum wage, such as business moving to replace workers with robots, reducing employees’ hours, moving out of state or just shutting down.
Predicting opposition from commercial interest groups, the campaign has already begun reaching out to local business owners to promote the initiative.
“By increasing the minimum wage we are providing small businesses with the opportunity to be more competitive,” said Carlos Velasco, a consultant for the campaign. “When you put more money into people’s pockets, they reinvest in the economy.”
The campaign hopes to utilize Arizona’s small business environment by promoting the idea that the money from increased wages will make its way back into the cash registers of local businesses around the state.
Velasco said the campaign hopes to collect 500 pledges from small business owners to support the initiative. The campaign currently has 35 business owners pledging their support with plans to reach out to 140 others.
The campaign plans to meet with Tucson business owners before September.
Tucson Councilmember Regina Romero supports the campaign, boiling opposition down to fear-mongering and greed in favor of CEO salaries and shareholder returns.
“I don’t think it’ll affect job creation,” she said. “Small businesses know how to manage themselves and will appreciate a smaller turnover rate.”
One of the campaigns platforms is that with less job turnover small businesses will be able to save money on training new employees.
Varney said that the majority of minimum wage earners in Arizona are part-time workers such as students who operate in a “transient employment situation” that would cause businesses to experience turnover in any case.
“If I’m using government to promote increases in business costs, I’m gonna start looking for any argument I can use to justify why this is a good idea,” he said. “If you ask business owners if this is a good idea, they’ll tell you ‘no.’”
“Research shows that it doesn’t affect the economy,” Romero countered. “It’s about economic development and developing an atmosphere for small and big businesses.”
Arizona voters may have a chance to boost the state's minimum wage this year.